Frankfurt explains Lethlerism
“Wow, university is actually useful!”
I’ve been into sociology lately, probably due to the fact that in a week or so I will have an exam, so since I am a nice university freshman, books have forced me to close myself inside a library and read endless manuals with other mates. Strangely enough, this afternoon it seemed I was actually able to find a useful connection between what I’m studying and micronationalism – our micronationalism, more specifically.
I don’t expect you to know what the “Frankfurt School” is, or who were its members. Long story short, the School was a gathering of dissident Marxists that operated from the 30s to the 60s. Moreover, I don’t expect you to smile and nod when I name Max Horkehimer, Theodor Adorno, Erich Fromm or Herbert Marcuse, but one of their workings surely will interest you.
As they were German and supporters of Marxism, they were obviously trying to understand why at the time workers were unwillingly integrated into Capitalism and why so many people supported Hitler. Not an easy question, I know.
But neverteless, through Freud and (mostly) Fromm, something comes out.
In “Studies of Authority and the Family“, everything starts from the family, the place where everyone learns how to adapt himself to the surroundings. This, however, changes after a while: with time, the family has become unable to create self-responsible people and promote the creation of an “authoritarian behavior”, which , after them, remains a need that must be fulfilled.
So who can fulfill this lack of responsibility? Someone that does it for you. A leader.
A leader that becomes “authoritarian for you“, and which you accept, as it pushes you to forget about the rational analysis of reality; basically, it tells you what to do because you like it to be this way. Suddenly, the individual fears to criticise its leadership or discuss the way it works, and tends to vent its hatred (caused by this limitation) on impotent and minority groups. A “scapegoat“, that helps the individual to discharge his aggressiveness as it doesn’t force him to face his problems. Those are unconscious traits, but as Freud pointed out, traits are worse if we don’t know about their existence.
So, long story short: humans decide not to rationally pursue their interests, but also avoid to get involved into conflicts that those interests may lead to. Instead, they irrationally leave it to the authority of a charismatic leader which doesn’t let them do certain things, which leads to aggressiveness. The best way to discharge it? Through false objectives.
Rings a bell?